HEADLINES:

Somalia joins Africa-led initiative to protect elephants

0
Sunday September 25, 2016 - 05:58:30 in Articles by Super Admin
  • Visits: 2992
  • (Rating 0.0/5 Stars) Total Votes: 0
  • 0 0
  • Share via Social Media

    Somalia joins Africa-led initiative to protect elephants

    - vf - International demand for ivory and rhino horn is fuelling the shocking decline in the elephant and rhino populations throughout Africa, while the European Union just recently showed that international trade loopholes persist.

    Share on Twitter Share on facebook Share on Digg Share on Stumbleupon Share on Delicious Share on Google Plus

- vf - International demand for ivory and rhino horn is fuelling the shocking decline in the elephant and rhino populations throughout Africa, while the European Union just recently showed that international trade loopholes persist. But now, also Somalia signed on and joined The Elephant Protection Initiative (EPI), an African-led program aimed at ending ivory trade once and for all.

The Minister for Livestock and Rangelands, Said Hussein Iid, said Somalia's rich environmental history had for long been overshadowed by the long-drawn civil war.

In 1991 the Somali civil war was triggered by foreign masters of different camps, pitching the Somali clans against each other at the strategically important Horn of Africa, and caused that no peace could prevail - neither for the Somali people nor for the elephants. A similar situation we find in Sudan and Congo.

"However, it is our hope that by joining the EPI, we can work to slowly rebuild this history and join together with other African nations to stop the harrowing consequences that elephant poaching and trafficking is bringing to our continent," Hussein said in Nairobi, Kenya.

Somalia - a country of rich biodiversity - became thereby the 14th African nation to sign on to the EPI since its inception in 2014.

Wildlife trafficking is the fourth largest international criminal activity after weapons, drug and human trafficking, experts state. This illegal commerce brings in a staggering 20 billion dollars each year, of which three billion is accounted for by ivory.

In addition "legal ivory exports" from the EU, especially to China and Hong Kong, as well as trade among member states, likely fuel demand and facilitate laundering of poached ivory into the trade system.

Criminals kill an estimated 25,000 African elephants every year with some evidence suggesting that if poaching and trade persists at this level, most African elephant populations will disappear within the next decade.

Likewise the Horn of Africa nation had seen its wildlife populations decline rapidly since the onset of the civil war in 1991 with today only small pockets of unaffected wildlife habitat remaining in some parts of the country.

Constant pressure from overgrazing, charcoal production and export, poaching and an open ivory transit market, coupled with a 25-year armed conflict, have created a wildlife desert in a region that was once one of the most important biodiversity hotspots in Africa with wildlife populations, including the elephants, protected by law since 1973.

But ten years after the Somali wildlife protection laws came into force, a foreign mastered elephant slaughter in the dry season of 1983 with aircraft support from Kenya for the spotting of the herds and a military-style ground-operation dropped Somalia's elephant population from over 80,000 to a mere 7-9,000. 

The triad of fake international "conservationists" turned ivory trade consultants, corrupt military and political officials and battle-hardened, impoverished shooters from the region willing to serve the top-criminals and kingpins of the global ivory trade had focused on Somalia as part of a wider agenda. 90% of Somalia's elephant population was wiped out in just that one dry season and the Somali elephants lived as ghosts with the remaining elephant groups surviving in the inaccessible swamp-lands of Southern Somalia. 

To protect the elephants and other important wildlife populations, including Somalia's endemic species, a proper wildlife department was established in 1987, which turned the tide. Somalia also became again a pro-active member-state of CITES, the United Nations Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of wild fauna and flora.

Subsequently it was Somalia's proposal for an ivory moratorium, elaborated with the help of ECOTERRA Intl. and then presented and proposed by the Republic of Somalia at the CITES conference to the state parties, which was adopted in 1989 against the will of the trophy-collectors, arms-for ivory-traders and corrupted state-officials.

This total ivory-trade ban had a worldwide positive impact, prices dropped rock-bottom, criminals focused on other "businesses" and most importantly: the elephant populations specifically in Africa recovered. 

While in 1979, approximately 1.3 million elephants lived on the African continent, until 1989 some 70,000 elephants had been killed annually in Africa and half the population had been wiped out during that decade for the ivory trade, declining the African elephant populations to 624,000.
 
But after 1989 and during the ban, elephants began to rebuild their populations in Africa. Likewise the Somali elephant population recovered magnificently due to a serious effort in wildlife protection since 1987 from the ground up to the head of state and after the global ivory moratorium was enforced.

"It was the only time of peace and population increase for elephants in the last 200 years," states ECOTERRA spokesperson Hans-Juergen Duwe.

But when the ban was partially lifted in 1997, under pressure from Japan, poaching began again in earnest - also in Somalia. Trafficked ivory from Somalia, Kenya, Congo, Sudan found its way into the African sales-chambers from where a decade later, in 2008, CITES allowed legalized ivory sales from three southern African countries to Japan and China.

That gave a signal to the criminal syndicates and a massive increase in elephant poaching was the result. Today less than 500,000 African elephants remain in the wild and the illicit ivory trade has more than doubled since 2007. It is now over three times greater than it was in 1998.

To counter this trend 27 African elephant range countries that are part of the African Elephant Coalition along with the U.S.A. and China submitted five complementary proposals in April 2016 to CITES to protect elephants, including the closing down of all domestic ivory markets. 

"African countries are blazing a trail to shut down the global ivory market,” says Vera Weber, president of the Swiss-based Franz Weber Fondation, a partner organization of the African Elephant Coalition. "The EU needs to support their initiative and demonstrate its commitment to the world by shutting down its own market.”

Unlike Belgium, some EU nations—the Czech Republic, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Slovakia, Sweden, and the U.K.—have stopped issuing ivory export certificates and have called on Brussels to make this an EU-wide policy, but the bureaucrats of the EU have failed so far to follow through.

Somalia's signing of the EPI is therefore a good sign ahead of the upcoming Johannesburg Conference of the Parties to CITES, and a new global ban on all ivory sales must again become part of this multilateral treaty of the United Nations, if their effort to protect endangered plants and animals shall be taken serious.

The EPI was launched by leaders from Botswana, Chad, Ethiopia, Gabon and Tanzania during the London Conference on Illegal Wildlife Trade in February 2014.

Uganda, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Angola, Congo and the Gambia have since also joined the EPI.

The only conservation measure that worked was when international trade in ivory was banned for a period of eight years beginning in 1989, ECOTERRA Intl. and the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) agree.

The new moratorium to globally ban all ivory trade and to stop the elephant slaughter must go hand in hand with a larger effort to bring peace to the people and the elephants. Local communities living with the elephants must be at the forefront and supported to rescue and maintain their natural heritage. At the same time the militarization of the wildlands must stop while efforts to fight the international criminal syndicates and their local corrupt counterparts, who often sit on political or military chairs, must be stepped up globally.

However, and no matter how many rangers a government deploys or what technology is employed, the real protection efforts will be futile unless the at present still impoverished and often displaced local communities will become again the key stakeholders in their ancestral lands and in the protection and sustenance of their wildlife. 

As hard as this might be to understand for the players in the conversation or tourism industries, but without the support of the indigenous peoples, who have been alienated from their wildlife by colonialism, failed policies, politics and money, the further decline of any and finally all wildlife populations will not be stopped.

Good governance in elephant range states is therefore essential and we have an obligation to maintain the integrity of ecosystems that elephants and indigenous peoples inhabit, while we must take realistic account of the needs of elephants in the planning and management of protected areas.

The total global trade ban on ivory is therefore only the first step to keep at least the criminals out of the equation, but rapid measures to enable local communities to maintain their healthy elephant populations in undisturbed habitat is the larger task ahead.
Share on Social Media

Somalia:War to Defeat Al Shabab Militarily

President HSM's Proclamation to Defeat Al-Shabab by Force in Somalia To overcome the complex problems of civil war, state fragility, and underdevelopment, the Somali people supported risky political changes for a government that promotes freedom, justice, peace, and prosperity in Somalia. For example, the Islamic movements enjoyed popular support to end the brutal reigns of warlords and the military occupation of Ethiopia and establish new government. Full Article

 

Somalia:$17 million external support has not been channeled through the country's single treasury account

Waagacusub.net -Auditor General Mohamed Ali alias Afgoi has exposed missing millions of dollars from key departments within the Federal Government of Somalia [FGS], in what could raise questions about government expenditures. In his report, Afgoi said 25 entities and three embassies have been audited. Unsupported expenditure amounts to $9M; contracts worth $31M not registered with auditor general's office, the existence of unauthorized bank accounts outside the Treasury Single Account. Full Article

 

Al-qaida Share ,IBS bank Somalia launches Visa Card Payment

Waagacusub.net - IBS Bank Somalia, which is believed to have the largest amount of money, Al-Qaeda Finance Secretary Fazul Abdallah from Comoros has started issuing Visa Card Payments for the first time. Al-Shabaab's finance secretary confirmed that Mohamed Ali Warsame had $ 157 million in cash, according to Khalif Ereg, who was later bribed with $ 2 million. Full Article

 

Oman hold off plucky Somalia to make main draw

Waagacusub.net - Somalia displayed a lot of pluck but were left ruing their luck as Oman advanced to the main draw of the FIFA Arab Cup with a 2-1 win Sunday evening. The Omanis scored twice in the first half of the lively game at the Sheikh Jassim Bin Hamad Stadium before Somalia pulled one pack nine minutes after the break. Full Article

 

Kenya resumes its diplomatic mission in Somalia

Waagacusub.net - Kenyan ambassador to Somalia Lucas Tumbo has today arrived in Somali capital, Mogadishu barely a week the two countries agreed restore their diplomatic ties. Full Article

 

Several Killed in Mortar Shells Near Somalia President's Residence

Waagacusub.net - Several people were killed and a number of others wounded in mortar shells that struck targets near Somalia president's residence in the capital Mogadishu on Wednesday, local officials have confirmed. Full Article

 

Djibouti:Protect Jailed Air Force Pilot's Rights

Allow Peaceful Protests, Protect Media Freedom Djibouti's authorities should impartially investigate alleged mistreatment of a detained former air force pilot and ensure that his due process rights are respected, Human Rights Watch said today. The authorities have repressed peaceful protests that broke out in response to the pilot's detention. Full Article

 

COVID-19 guidance for journalists and media houses in Somalia

ASOJ.ORG - Associated Somali Journalists has today published New guidance (advices) setting out how journalists and media houses in Somalia can meet their media duties as they navigate the effects of the coronavirus pandemic. Full Article

 

U.S. and EU Diplomats Support President Farmajo to Tear Somalia Apart

After 30 years of dictatorship and civil war, the Somali people pulled off a qualified consensus on forming a new state that is different from the obliterated one. The President of the Federal Republic of Somalia is vested with the awesome responsibility and authority to steer the formation of the new state. Successive elected presidents strived to some extent to fulfill their awesome responsibilities with the exception of President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo who strived to tear Somalia apart for good. Full Article

 

Al-Shabaab collected an estimated $20 million dollars from South Somalia alone - Per month

Al-Shabaab is more than just a terrorist group. In 2011, its annual revenue was in the region of $70–100 million per year. In 2018, the President of the Somali Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SCCI) confirmed that Al-Shabaab collected an estimated $20 million dollars from South Somalia alone. Full Article

 


Leave a comment

  Tip

  Tip

  Tip

  Tip

  Tip


Somalia:War to Defeat Al Shabab Militarily

President HSM's Proclamation to Defeat Al-Shabab by Force in Somalia To overcome the complex problems of civil war, state fragility, and underdevelopment, the Somali people supported risky political changes for a government that promotes freedom, justice, peace, and prosperity in Somalia. For example, the Islamic movements enjoyed popular support to end the brutal reigns of warlords and the military occupation of Ethiopia and establish new government.

Somalia:$17 million external support has not been channeled through the country's single treasury account

Waagacusub.net -Auditor General Mohamed Ali alias Afgoi has exposed missing millions of dollars from key departments within the Federal Government of Somalia [FGS], in what could raise questions about government expenditures. In his report, Afgoi said 25 entities and three embassies have been audited. Unsupported expenditure amounts to $9M; contracts worth $31M not registered with auditor general's office, the existence of unauthorized bank accounts outside the Treasury Single Account.

Al-qaida Share ,IBS bank Somalia launches Visa Card Payment

Waagacusub.net - IBS Bank Somalia, which is believed to have the largest amount of money, Al-Qaeda Finance Secretary Fazul Abdallah from Comoros has started issuing Visa Card Payments for the first time. Al-Shabaab's finance secretary confirmed that Mohamed Ali Warsame had $ 157 million in cash, according to Khalif Ereg, who was later bribed with $ 2 million.

UGANDA: New Cabinet Members and Ministers of State

I hereby inform the country that By virtue of the Authority given to the President of Uganda by Articles: 108(2), 108A(1), 113(1) and 114(1) of the 1995 Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, I hereby appoint H.E. the Vice President, Rt. Hon. Prime Minister, Honourable Cabinet Ministers and other Ministers as indicated below:

Journalists barred from covering Somali leaders' meeting

The Associated Somali Journalists is deeply concerned that journalists were today barred from covering the meeting of the leaders of the Federal Government of Somalia and Federal Member States (FMSs) as well as the Governor and Mayor of Mogadishu.

Somalia:War to Defeat Al Shabab Militarily

President HSM's Proclamation to Defeat Al-Shabab by Force in Somalia To overcome the complex problems of civil war, state fragility, and underdevelopment, the Somali people supported risky political changes for a government that promotes freedom, justice, peace, and prosperity in Somalia. For example, the Islamic movements enjoyed popular support to end the brutal reigns of warlords and the military occupation of Ethiopia and establish new government. Full Article

 

It secretly and unlawfully recruited about 7,500 young Somalis sent to Eritrea

Western Intelligence Agencies Oppose the Democratization of Somalia Intelligence Services (NISA) History documents the strong character of the Somali people associated with messy democratic rule that cherishes individual liberty, freedom of expression and opinion, Justice, and private entrepreneurship rather than with autocratic rule. British explorer, Sir Richard Burton wrote in 1856, "the Somalis are fierce race of republicans, constantly changing political loyalties – the Somalis lived in what amounted to a state of chronic, political schizophrenia, verging on of anarchy. Every freeborn man holds equal to his ruler and allows no loyalties or prerogatives to abridge his birthright of liberty." However, Somalis are docile to discipline and obedience if social mediation applied fairly. The appropriate model of government for Somalia is the democratic rule. Full Article

 

Somalia:$17 million external support has not been channeled through the country's single treasury account

Waagacusub.net -Auditor General Mohamed Ali alias Afgoi has exposed missing millions of dollars from key departments within the Federal Government of Somalia [FGS], in what could raise questions about government expenditures. In his report, Afgoi said 25 entities and three embassies have been audited. Unsupported expenditure amounts to $9M; contracts worth $31M not registered with auditor general's office, the existence of unauthorized bank accounts outside the Treasury Single Account. Full Article

 

Al-qaida Share ,IBS bank Somalia launches Visa Card Payment

Waagacusub.net - IBS Bank Somalia, which is believed to have the largest amount of money, Al-Qaeda Finance Secretary Fazul Abdallah from Comoros has started issuing Visa Card Payments for the first time. Al-Shabaab's finance secretary confirmed that Mohamed Ali Warsame had $ 157 million in cash, according to Khalif Ereg, who was later bribed with $ 2 million. Full Article

 

"UGANDA'S FIGHT AGAINST COVID 19 VIRUS, MAY DWINDLE OR SPARK UNLESS EMBRACED"

Waagacusub.net - Globally, scientists are camping in Laboratories to find a solution to the Covid-19 pandemic. Sometime in 2020, Dr Patrick Engeu Ogwang, an associate professor of Pharmacy at Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST) in Uganda, and a team of other researchers under PHARMABIOTRAC developed a herbal biomedical invention called Covidex. This innovation is said to be a broad spectrum natural remedy intended to manage and treat the Covid-19- Corona virus. Full Article

 

Hormuud telecom and Al-Shabaab's Strategy of Destroying Mobile Communication Masts

Hormuud's Assault on African Peacekeepers Figure 14: African Peace Keepers Hormuud launched a scorching public campaign against the Kenyan military forces in AMISOM in late August 2019. Full Article

 

Former Intel official stripped from NISA membership

Former Intel official stripped from NISA membership Full Article

 

PM KHEYRE USELESS AND COSTY OVERSEAS TRIPS.

PM KHEYRE USELESS AND COSTY OVERSEAS TRIPS. Full Article

 

Abiy says 'New Year' will be celebrated in Eritrea, Ethiopian Airlines to resume flights

Abiy says 'New Year' will be celebrated in Eritrea, Ethiopian Airlines to resume flights Full Article

 

Massive rise in Islamist militant attacks in Africa

Massive rise in Islamist militant attacks in Africa Full Article