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Al-Shabab Militant Group Getting Lucky, Not Stronger in Somalia

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Thursday June 21, 2018 - 00:59:25 in Daily News by Journalist Bashiir
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    Al-Shabab Militant Group Getting Lucky, Not Stronger in Somalia

    Al-Shabab Militant Group Getting Lucky, Not Stronger in Somalia

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Al-Shabab Militant Group Getting Lucky, Not Stronger in Somalia

(Waagacusub.com) Somalia’s most dangerous terror group is likely not getting any stronger despite a series of deadly attacks, including one that claimed the life of a U.S. special operations soldier earlier this month.

The assessment, by U.S. military and counterintelligence officials, runs contrary to the conclusions of some analysts and comes as al-Shabab has been flexing its military might in recent weeks, highlighting attacks on both Somali and African Union forces.

One of the most publicized of these was a brazen June 8 attack on an outpost under construction two kilometers north of the town of Sanguni, in the Lower Jubba region of Somalia.

The al-Qaida-linked militants skirmished with a force of 800 Somali and Kenyan forces accompanied by U.S. special operations soldiers, one of whom was killed by mortar fire.

US: June 8 attack was 'lucky shot'

U.S. officials are still trying to determine the size of the al-Shabab force at the time of the attack but say there is no indication of any increased capability.

"It was a lucky shot,” a U.S. military official told VOA on condition of anonymity. "I wouldn't consider this a well-executed attack.”

Another military official said, in many ways, the deadly attack was typical of al-Shabab operations.

"Historically, al-Shabab has been willing to engage large forces, often using surprise and asymmetric tactics to improve their chances for success,” said Lt. Cmdr. Desiree Frame, a spokesperson for U.S. Africa Command. "We expect to see more conflict in southern Somalia as Somali Government Forces, AMISOM, and their partners make in-roads into al-Shabab-held territory.”

Still, accounts from Somalia indicate the al-Shabab forces were not deterred by the presence of U.S. special operations forces using armored vehicles and armed drones, as the June 8 deadly mortar strike was part of a three-day long assault on the outpost that included a failed attack using a vehicle-borne bomb.

"They know our movements,” an official with the Somali forces in Sanguni told VOA Somali. "It’s an open secret.”

Another Somali commander said al-Shabab also took advantage of the terrain, striking after recent flooding forced the Somali, Kenyan and U.S. forces to build the outpost in the open.

U.S. counterterrorism and military officials say there is no doubt the group remains the biggest threat to security in Somalia. But they have resisted attributing the increased pace of al-Shabab attacks to anything more than their annual Ramadan campaign.

"We do not assess that al-Shabab has recently increased their capabilities or their willingness to engage their enemies,” according to Africa Command’s Frame.

A senior U.S. counterterrorism official described al-Shabab’s activity as routine, noting its public statement "promote the virtue of waging jihad during Ramadan.”

Differing assessment of al-Shabab's strength

Still, some analysts warn it is wrong to downplay the strides al-Shabab has made since being kicked out of its last urban stronghold, the port city of Kismayo, in 2012.

"It’s clear that we’re not just seeing a spike in attacks related to the Ramadan campaign,” said Daveed Gartenstein-Ross, a senior analyst at the Washington-based Foundation for Defense of Democracies. "It’s clear that the organization has gotten stronger.”

And while Gartenstein-Ross thinks it is unlikely al-Shabab is strong enough to consistently challenge U.S. forces in the region, it has shown it can be potent against both Somalia and African Union forces in the area.

"They’ve been able to kill very high numbers and you didn’t see that five years ago. They’ve been able to actually overrun bases at times,” he said. "The danger is as African Union forces draw down, they may retake major urban areas. I think there’s a good chance of that.”

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Al-Shabaab collected an estimated $20 million dollars from South Somalia alone - Per month

Al-Shabaab is more than just a terrorist group. In 2011, its annual revenue was in the region of $70–100 million per year. In 2018, the President of the Somali Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SCCI) confirmed that Al-Shabaab collected an estimated $20 million dollars from South Somalia alone.

Hormuud Telecom pays an estimated $200,000 every month to the Al-Shabaab

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Hormuud Telecom, Taaj Express, Salaam Bank iyo Dahabshiil Money Transfer directly pay taxes to Al-Shabaab.

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Al-Shabaab collected an estimated $20 million dollars from South Somalia alone - Per month

Al-Shabaab is more than just a terrorist group. In 2011, its annual revenue was in the region of $70–100 million per year. In 2018, the President of the Somali Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SCCI) confirmed that Al-Shabaab collected an estimated $20 million dollars from South Somalia alone. Full Article

 

Hormuud Telecom pays an estimated $200,000 every month to the Al-Shabaab

"Hormuud pays an estimated $200,000 every month to the Al-Shabaab", said a former head of Amniyat and now a top official of Somali government intelligence agency tracking Al-Shabaab movements. Full Article

 

Somalia A Divided Legacy: Hormuud Telecom and Political Islam

The Chairman of Hormuud Telecom Group Ahmed Nur Ali Jim'ale was a kingpin in Al-Shabaab's charcoal-sugar trading cycle that funded its activities. In September 2010, he founded ZAAD, a mobile-to-mobile money-transfer business that struck a deal with Al-Shabaab to make money transfers more anonymous by eliminating the need to show identification. Full Article

 

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